SYRACUSE — National Grid customers across the company’s service area will set their clocks, watches, and devices back one hour this weekend to coincide with the end of daylight savings time, which occurs at 2 a.m., Sunday, Nov. 7.
While many are aware of efforts to encourage area residents to change batteries in smoke detectors this weekend, some may not be aware of the need to replace batters in carbon monoxide detectors as well as to perform a few other simple home safety steps.
Carbon Monoxide Safety
Carbon monoxide is an invisible, odorless gas that can be deadly if undetected. It’s produced when fuels such as natural gas, propane, heating oil, wood and wood pellets, kerosene, gasoline and coal don’t burn off completely.
Potential sources of carbon monoxide in the home include forced-air furnaces, kerosene-fueled space heaters, natural gas ranges, wood stoves, water heaters, fireplaces, and motor vehicles.
A carbon monoxide detector should be installed on every floor of a home. National Grid recommends the installation of Underwriters Laboratory approved home carbon monoxide detectors, available at home improvement and discount stores. Batteries should be changed annually to ensure proper function and the end of daylight savings time is a good reminder to check these devices, the utility company said in a recent public service message.
Carbon monoxide poisoning symptoms include:
Shortness of breath or chest tightness;
Nausea or vomiting; and
Sleepiness or loss of consciousness.
Prolonged exposure and the amount of carbon monoxide in the air may intensify the symptoms felt by an individual.
Customers suspecting its presence in their home should:
Immediately exit the premises;
Call 911 and report a carbon monoxide emergency to first responders;
Contact National Grid’s gas emergency line at 1-800-892-2345. National Grid responds immediately to all suspected carbon monoxide emergencies within its service area, even if the customer purchases natural gas from an alternate supplier. Do not reenter the home until first responders and/or National Grid find the source and clear the scene.
National Grid also offers the additional safety tips to help identify and prevent carbon monoxide poisoning:
Conduct annual maintenance of home heating sources to preventing carbon monoxide illnesses;
Hire licensed professionals to check heating sources to ensure they are burning fuel safely and efficiently while venting properly;
Check chimneys or flues for debris, bird nests or other blockages;
Be sure space heaters and wood stoves are in good working order, adequately ventilated, and used only according to manufacturer’s instructions;
Operate gas ovens and/or ranges safely. Never use an oven for heating purposes. Be mindful of children and how close they are to the oven when in use. Inspect the oven for pungent odors or soot on its surface, as this may indicate improper combustion and carbon monoxide generation;
Never burn coal or charcoal in an enclosed space and always make sure when using them to only use them in ventilated outdoor spaces;
Backup generators should be operated outdoors. Place the generator on a level, fireproof surface at least six feet from the home and run cords indoors when operating. Open windows and doors do not provide sufficient ventilation;
Don’t warm up an automobile while it’s parked in a garage, regardless of whether the door is open. Carbon monoxide produced by a motor vehicle in a confined space can build to lethal levels and easily spread to the inside of the home.
Be sure to properly install, test and maintain smoke detectors. Smoke alarms should be installed inside each room where someone sleeps, as well as outside of these areas. There should be at least one smoke detector on each floor of the home, including the basement and attic.
Mount smoke alarms to the ceiling or wall. Wall-mounted alarms should be no more than 12 inches from the ceiling. In homes with pitched ceilings, mount the smoke alarm within three feet of the peak, but at least four inches below the peak.
To prevent false alarms, install smoke alarms at least 10 feet from any cooking appliance such as stovetops, ovens, air fryers, toasters and toaster ovens.
Smoke alarms installed in the basement should be ceiling-mounted at the bottom of the stairs. Avoid installing smoke alarms near windows, doors or ducts, where drafts may disrupt operation.
Never paint, stain or cover smoke alarms.
Maintain smoke alarms as directed by the manufacturer. Test smoke alarms at least monthly by pressing the test button. Smoke alarms with 10-year non-replaceable batteries will make a chirping noise when the battery is low. The entire device should be replaced.
Replaceable batteries in smoke alarms should be changed every six months, such as at the beginning and end of daylight savings time.
Inspect fire extinguishers
The end of daylight saving time is also a good time to make sure at least one extinguisher is available on each floor of the home, including one in the kitchen. Ensure extinguishers are easily accessible and not blocked by coats, containers, or other items.
Be sure to regularly check the tamper seal and pull pin on all fire extinguishers. Replace the extinguisher if either have been broken or compromised.
Look for signs of physical damage, such as rust, corrosion, or dents. If any are found, replace the extinguisher. Purchase the extinguisher compatible with the environment where it may be used. For instance, Class K extinguishers are appropriate grease fires and those near combustible gas, whereas Class C extinguishers are for electrical fires.
Detecting Natural Gas Odors
If a gas leak is suspected, assume there’s danger. Immediately warn others and evacuate the home, taking any pets.
Do not use the telephone or any electric devices such as light switches, garage door openers, doorbells, radios, televisions, or mobile devices if you suspect a natural gas leak. A spark from any of these sources could ignite the gas, causing a fire or explosion.
From a safe location, call 911 and National Grid’s gas emergency line at 1-800-892-2345. Do not reenter the home or building until National Grid personnel clear the scene.
Remember: Smell gas. Act fast. For more safety tips, visit National Grid’s website at ngrid.com/safety.