Oneida County continues to lose population, but a continued influx of people from other countries helped staunch the losses in the past year to a fraction of 1 percent, according to annual county-level population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Neighboring counties Madison and Lewis also lost population, as did all eight counties in the state’s 22nd Congressional District.
The Census Bureau provides estimated population for all counties at July 1 each year, drawing on data such as birth and death certificates, federal tax records and reports from group quarters. It released its latest estimates Thursday.
It put Oneida County’s population as of July 1 at 229,577, down by 550 people or about two-tenths of 1 percent. That would make it New York’s 17th largest county by population, switching places since a year ago with Saratoga County.
In percent change, Oneida County is 30th among 62 counties in this year’s estimate.
Deaths outpaced births by 62, though since 2010, it was the reverse, with 492 more births than deaths.
Oneida County’s outmigration was put at 486. It lost a net 1,063 people to other places within the country but got 577 from other countries.
Its international net in-migration was greater than all other upstate counties except for Erie, Monroe, Albany, Onondaga and Tompkins counties.
Since 2010, the year of the most recent decennial Census used to apportion elected representatives at the local, state and federal levels, Oneida County’s net migration has been a loss of 5,771 people, or 721 per year. Domestic out-migration was 10,691, or 4.5 percent of its 2010 base population, mitigated by a net international gain of 4,920.
The annual population estimates are not provided for localities smaller than counties.
In Madison County, the Census Bureau estimated a population of 70,795, down a tenth of 1 percent. Deaths slightly outpaced births, 614 to 605, and net migration was a loss of 24: 45 people moved elsewhere in the country, and 21 came from another country.
Since 2010, Madison County experienced a net natural gain, with 323 more births than deaths but a net out-migration of 2,986 over the period.
Lewis County lost a half-percent of its population year-to year, to 26,447, with a natural increase of 45 more births than deaths, a net domestic out-migration of 185 balanced by gaining 10 people from another country.
The state’s population was put at about 19.54 million, a decline of about two-tenths of one percent on the year.
Since 2010, the state’s population is estimated to have grown about eight tenths of 1 percent.
If New York loses population relative to other states, it may again lose at least one seat in the U.S. House of Representatives at the next reapportionment following the 2020 census.
Meanwhile, the counties of the 22nd Congressional district suffered substantial population losses so far since the last decennial census. While only parts of parts of Broome, Herkimer, Oswego, and Tioga counties are in the district, they along with Oneida, Madison, Cortland and Chenango counties have each lost estimated population, at rates from 2.3 percent in Oneida to nearly 6 in Chenango County. Broome County, the second largest in the district after Oneida, has lost an estimated 4.5 percent of its population. If this continues in the 2020 Census, due to be taken April 1, it’s likely the district will be even larger when reapportioned sometime after that.
Kings County, the New York City borough of Brooklyn, remained New York’s largest, according to Census estimates, with about 2.58 million residents, a half-percent decline on the year.
The fastest-growing county was Orange County, with about 381,000 residents, up about six-tenths of a percent, followed by Sullivan, Montgomery and Saratoga counties at around one-half of one percent.
Jefferson, Delaware and Hamilton were the counties with the greatest rates of population decline, each losing slightly more than 1 percent of their population on the year.