Doctor draws attention to Brain Injury Awareness Month
Rome Medical Practice neurologist Dr. Glady Jacob is raising awareness of the causes and symptoms of a brain injury during March, which is Brain Injury Awareness Month.
Dr. Jacob is board certified in both neurology and clinical neurophysiology by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.
“An acquired brain injury is an injury that occurs after birth and changes the brain’s neuronal activity, or brainwaves,” Dr. Jacob said. “There are two types of acquired brain injury, traumatic and non-traumatic.” A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an alteration in brain function or pathology caused by an external force, while a non-traumatic brain injury is caused by an internal force such as a stroke or disease, she added.
“A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head,” Dr. Jacob said. “Concussions can also be caused by a hit to the body causing the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.
When the brain moves in the skull, it creates chemical changes in the brain that can stretch and damage brain cells.”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, individuals who have experienced a blow or jolt to the head, have one or more of these symptoms, or “just don’t feel right,” may be suffering from a concussion or a more serious brain injury: can’t recall events prior to or after a hit or fall; appears dazed or stunned; experiences nausea or vomiting; moves clumsily, dizzy, double vision; answers questions slowly; loses consciousness (even briefly); shows mood, behavior, or personality changes; headache or “pressure” in head; forgets an instruction, is confused about an assignment or position, or is unsure of the game, score or opponent.
“Check for signs and symptoms of concussion right after injury, again after a few hours and also a few days later,” Dr. Jacob said. If concussion signs and symptoms get worse, take the injured person to the emergency department right away.
How do you prevent a concussion or TBI in your family?
- Make sure a child’s car seat or booster seat is age and size-appropriate.
- Make sure the helmet is appropriate for the activity. Whether your child is on the school football team or you are riding your bicycle, wearing the proper helmet reduces the risk of head injury.
- Prevent the risk of falls for young and old. Install safety gates on staircases when young children are around. Falls, the leading cause of TBI death in people age 65 and older, can be prevented by removing tripping hazards and clutter.
- Be prepared. Get more information by visiting www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/basics.html.
A member of Rome Memorial Hospital’s medical staff, Dr. Jacob is trained in the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular disorders, stroke, seizure disorders, movement disorders including Parkinson’s Disease, headaches, dementias including Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and other general neurological problems.
She provides several diagnostic testing services including electromyography, which measures the electrical impulses of muscles at rest and during contraction; nerve conduction studies, which determine how well individual nerves can transmit electrical signals; and electroencephalography, a test in which the electrical signals of the brain are recorded.
Dr. Jacob’s office is located in the Griffiss Professional Complex, 267 Hill Road, suite 100. Contact the office at 315-356-7380
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