Oneida County ranks 55 out of 62 counties state-wide in how healthy residents are and in premature death according to the 2012 County Health Rankings report issued by the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
The third annual report, issued Monday, indicates that the county ranks among the lowest as far as health outcomes — which measures mortality and morbidity rates — such as poor physical health days, poor mental health days and low birth weight. Oneida County fairs 31 out of 62 in the second half of the report which measures health factors and includes behaviors and health care, such adult smoking, physical inactivity, motor vehicle accident deaths, teen birth rates and the number of primary care physicians.
The County Health Rankings report sorts each county in the nation and breaks down the results into individual state reports.
Compared to the state average, Oneida County has low air pollution, has fewer fast food restaurants, a high graduation rate and has a lower violent crime rate. More Oneida County women are also getting mammography screenings compared to the state average, according to the report, and fewer residents are being diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases.
But in several areas, Oneida County didn’t make the grade.
As per primary care doctors, there are 774 patients to 1 physician in the county compared to the state average of 689 patients to 1 doctor. There were 10 deaths due to vehicle crashes compared to a state average of eight. Twenty-five percent of adult residents are also smoking compared to an 18 percent state average.
Twenty-seven percent of the county population is physically inactive, compared to 25 percent state-wide. The teen birth rate is 33 percent compared to the state average of 27 percent. There is a rate of 75 percent of preventable hospital stays in Oneida County compared to a state average of 69 percent. And 13 percent of county residents have limited access to healthy foods compared to a state average of 4 percent.
Comparing how Oneida County ranked to other counties throughout the state as far as health outcomes, Erie County ranked just below Oneida at 57, followed by St. Lawrence at 58 and Niagara at 59. Among the healthiest counties, Rockland County ranked number-one, followed by Saratoga at 3 and Ontario at 8.